Browse Exhibits (4 total)

Anglophone Newspapers of Chile

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In this exhibit, we examine three Anglo-Chilean newspapers. Each bears witness to the unique factors that shape the foreign language press, which can be defined as periodicals published by a colony living in a host country and written in a foreign language (rather than the national language of their place of publication). At the same time, each of our papers captures a significant moment in the development of the Anglophone press worldwide.

Thus the earliest paper in our collection, The English Mercury (1843-44) focuses on mercantile news.

The second, the Valparaiso and West Coast Mail (1867-74), introduces local and international news as well as sections intended to appeal to a more diverse family readership as the Anglo-American colony grew and developed.

The third, the The Star of Chile (1904-06) not only provides meaningful news focused on the by-now highly develop Anglo-American colony in Chile, but also demonstrates an increased level of hybridity: advertisements are often in Spanish or for Chilean (rather than British) firms; articles or headlines may include occasional Spanish words; and, by the end of the paper's run, entire pages may be printed entirely in Spanish. This growing linguistic diversity indicates either that the newspaper sought a readership beyond the English-speaking colony, that the colony itself was beginning to use more Spanish, or both.

Both the Valparaiso and West Coast Mail and the Star address audiences beyond Chile as well, seeking to share the host country's beauty and cultural diversity through drawings and photography as well as coverage of its arts and cultural life.

Pacific Steam Navigation Company

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The Pacific Steam Navigation Company became a household word in South America in the nineteenth century. The company was the first to utilize steam ships commercially in the Pacific Ocean, connecting the Pacific coast of South America to the rest of the world. 

After launching in 1840 with just two mail-carrying steam ships, Chile and Peru, the Pacific Steam Navigation Company was trading with Britain and Australia just a few years after its inception. It outlived the two World Wars and its legacy remains strong, with its in-house magazine, Sea Breezes, still published today.

Pandemics in Chile

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Across the 19th century and into the 20th, a series of epidemic nightmares swept Chile, causing enormous damage to the nation’s welfare and economy. Among the worst were pandemics that framed the long nineteenth century: the smallpox outbreak of the 1800s, and the plague epidemic from 1902 to 1907, both brought to the country courtesy of the boom in global trade that followed Chilean independence. These pandemics thus bear witness to the negative consequences of globalization, as increased interconnections with the rest of South America and Europe brought both welcome and unwelcome changes.

In this exhibit, we will discuss several of Chile's pandemics and explore the factors that influenced the virulence of these outbreaks of smallpox and plague. By looking at Chilean living conditions, prevention methods, and political influences, we explore how these factors interacted to create a holistic mapping of Chile’s public health.

Sport in the British colony

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In this exhibit we examine the sporting culture developed by the British in nineteenth century Chile. While building businesses and contributing to the local culture, colonists also found time for sport, and in the process they helped to found new athletic traditions.

Much more than mere entertainment, sport bridged communities, altering or even supplanting the indigenous sports already in place. Eventually, British and local sports merged to became part of the new nation’s identity.